Garbage-collects and analyzes a database.
vacuumdb [connection-option...] [--full | -f] [--freeze | -F] [--verbose | -v] [--analyze | -z] [--analyze-only | -Z] [--table | -t table [( column [,...] )] ] [dbname] vacuumdb [connection-option...] [--all | -a] [--full | -f] [-F] [--verbose | -v] [--analyze | -z] [--analyze-only | -Z] vacuumdb -? | --help vacuumdb -V | --version
vacuumdb is a utility for cleaning a Greenplum Database database. vacuumdb will also generate internal statistics used by the Greenplum Database query optimizer.
vacuumdb is a wrapper around the SQL command VACUUM. There is no effective difference between vacuuming databases via this utility and via other methods for accessing the server.
- -a | --all
- Vacuums all databases.
- [-d] dbname | [--dbname=]dbname
- The name of the database to vacuum. If this is not specified and -a (or --all) is not used, the database name is read from the environment variable PGDATABASE. If that is not set, the user name specified for the connection is used.
- -e | --echo
- Echo the commands that reindexdb generates and sends to the server.
- -f | --full
- Selects a full vacuum, which may reclaim more space, but takes much longer and
exclusively locks the table. Warning: A VACUUM FULL is not recommended in Greenplum Database.
- -F | --freeze
- Freeze row transaction information.
- -q | --quiet
- Do not display a response.
- -t table [(column)] | --table= table [(column)]
- Clean or analyze this table only. Column names may be specified only in conjunction with the --analyze or --analyze-all options. Multiple tables can be vacuumed by writing multiple -t switches. If you specify columns, you probably have to escape the parentheses from the shell.
- -v | --verbose
- Print detailed information during processing.
- -z | --analyze
- Collect statistics for use by the query planner.
- -Z | --analyze-only
- Only calculate statistics for use by the query planner (no vacuum).
- -V | --version
- Print the vacuumdb version and exit.
- -? | --help
- Show help about vacuumdb command line arguments, and exit.
- -h host | --host=host
- Specifies the host name of the machine on which the Greenplum master database server is running. If not specified, reads from the environment variable PGHOST or defaults to localhost.
- -p port | --port=port
- Specifies the TCP port on which the Greenplum master database server is listening for connections. If not specified, reads from the environment variable PGPORT or defaults to 5432.
- -U username | --username=username
- The database role name to connect as. If not specified, reads from the environment variable PGUSER or defaults to the current system user name.
- -w | --no-password
- Never issue a password prompt. If the server requires password authentication and a password is not available by other means such as a .pgpass file, the connection attempt will fail. This option can be useful in batch jobs and scripts where no user is present to enter a password.
- -W | --password
- Force a password prompt.
- Specifies the name of the database to connect to discover what other databases should be vacuumed. If not specified, the postgres database will be used, and if that does not exist, template1 will be used.
vacuumdb might need to connect several times to the master server, asking for a password each time. It is convenient to have a ~/.pgpass file in such cases.
To clean the database test:
To clean and analyze a database named bigdb:
vacuumdb --analyze bigdb
To clean a single table foo in a database named mydb, and analyze a single column bar of the table. Note the quotes around the table and column names to escape the parentheses from the shell:
vacuumdb --analyze --verbose --table 'foo(bar)' mydb